The Psychological and Social Consequences of War and Disasters on the Civilian Military Population

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The Psychological Social Consequences War, Terrorism Disasters: The Civilian Military Population Introduction The objective of this brief study is to examine the psychological and social consequences of war, acts of terrorism and disasters upon the civilian and military population as well as the treatment options available for military members and their family members. The work of Matthewson (nd) states that it is not the battlefield "upon which the attacks take place, but rather, it is in the mind the psychology of those who survive." (p.192) Matthewson additionally states that disasters both "natural and human-made, can elicit fear, anger and worry in victims, their family and friends and could lead to psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression." (p.192) I. Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD) The Mayo Clinic describes Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD) as "a mental health condition that is triggered by a terrifying event. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event." (2012, p.1) Individuals who experience trauma are reported to "have difficulty adjusting and coping for awhile." (Mayo Clinic, 2012, p.1) In many such instances the symptoms get better after time however, in more severe cases the symptoms do not go away but instead the symptoms worsen lasting for a long time and this is referred to as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, which requires treatment. The work of Murthy and

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