The Psychosocial Climate At School

800 WordsNov 13, 20154 Pages
"School connectedness," or the sense of belonging or connection that children feel toward their school, fellow students and teachers. (Rice, 2009) School connectedness involves close ties that students develop within their school environment which includes their sense of belonging to a community, trust in the school administration, a sense of safety at school, and confidence in the school 's commitment to them. These ties influence how invested and committed students become to the school. Positive connections to schools are important to good child and adolescent health. Adolescents in particular are vulnerable to making unwise choices, which increases their chance for engaging in risk taking behaviours such as substance abuse, violence, poor nutritional habits, risky sexual behaviour, and other things (Battisch & Horn, 1997). In order to enhance school connectedness for students, adults must provide a healthy and safe school environment and a supportive psychosocial climate. The psychosocial climate at school is influenced by factors such as disciplinary policies, opportunities for meaningful student engagement, and teachers ' classroom management practices. Research indicates that student connectedness is lower in schools with a punitive disciplinary environment (Blum, 2005). A positive school environment/climate is characterized by caring and supportive relationships; opportunities to take part in school activities and decision-making; and shared positive norms, goals,
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