The Psychosocial Intervention And Length Of Survival

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Spiegel et al. found a significant relationship between the psychosocial intervention and length of survival (1989). Women in the treatment condition attending support groups lived an average of 36 months compared to women in the control group who lived on average 18 months. Participants who attended weekly support groups lived twice as long as those in the control group. This finding demonstrated the incredible positive impact social support could have on patients with breast cancer. Social support increased immune functioning and survival rates, and Yilmaz, Bal, Benji, and Arvas attributed this effect to the idea that social support impacted the way people chose to cope with a cancer diagnosis (2015). Yilmaz et al. studied 221 women with gynecologic cancer to investigate how coping with stress related to social support (2015). The cross-sectional study conducted in Turkey collected data from three questionnaires that included sociodemographic and clinical features, the Scale of Ways of Coping With Stress, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support that measured social support within family, friends, and a significant other. Effective coping strategies in the Scales of Ways of Coping With Stress included an optimistic approach, a self-confident approach, and seeking social support, while ineffective coping strategies included a hopelessness approach and a submissive approach (Folkman & Lazarus, 1980). Researchers found that women who perceived higher
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