The Punishment Mechanisms Of Probation And Parole Essay

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The punishment mechanisms of probation and parole developed from different social circumstances, which were driven by the need for alternative means to imprisonment. The creation of the mechanisms for probation can be linked to the moral panic caused by the excess consumption of alcohol and the increased amount of alcohol-related offences. In contrast, the development of parole was the result of the systems at the time, failing to deliver the expected results. This essay will outline the different origins of probation and parole, and discuss how the original purposes have evolved to accommodate the constant change in the criminal justice system. Probation is an alternative to the traditional forms of punishment that a court can impose, and is influenced by the background of the offender (Klingele 2013,1022). It will include the offender being released on certain conditions, in which they will need to comply. The origin of probation can be traced back to the actions of Matthew Davenport Hill, Frederick Rainer, and John Augustus. Although their contributions are similar, each contribution was significant in creating the basis for probation. In Britain, the first documented development of probation occurred from the actions of the Warwickshire magistrate. The Warwickshire magistrate enacted legislation in the 1820’s that allowed for certain minors to be released to a guardian as an alternative means to imprisonment (Harris 2005, 32; Vanstone 2004, 35). However, it was the
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