The Purpose of Christian Crusades - Different Points of View Essay

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The purpose of Christian Crusades - different points of view Christian crusades took place between the years 1095 and 1500. According to the Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, crusades were military expeditions, beginning in the late 11th century, that were organized by Western Christians in response to centuries of Muslim wars of expansion. Their main objectives were to check the spread of Islam, retake control of the Holy Land, and to recapture formerly Christian territories. The objectives of crusades were often different for Christian authorities, crusaders and their families. Crusades were centered on religious beliefs and freedoms so their primary purpose was to take back religious freedom for Christianity from the Muslim control.…show more content…
Led by King Louis VII of France and King Conrad III of Germany, the Europeans failed to regain any land and the crusade was a failure from a European point of view. The Third Crusade was a response to Jerusalem’s fall in 1187 to Salah al-Din (Saladin). Three great armies from Europe were led by Richard the Lion-hearted of England, Philip II of France, and the Holy Roman emperor Frederick Barbarossa. However the third crusade failed from a European point of view. Instead of going to Jerusalem, the Fourth Crusade went to the Byzantine Empire’s capital, Constantinople. The European armies overthrew the Byzantine emperor. The main outcomes of the Fourth Crusade were to deepen the division between Greek and Latin Christianity and to hasten the Byzantine Empire’s decline. Crusades had positive and negative effects, which very often shape the points of view about them. Crusades help in developing new techniques in countries politics and economy e.g. need of transferring large sums of money for troops led to development of banking techniques. Cultural horizons for many Europeans were broadened, which also stimulated romantic and imaginative literature. The knowledge introduced to Europe affected heavy stone masonry and construction of castles and churches in Europe. One of the negative effects would be the fatal weakening of Byzantine Empire. Great examples of the impact crusades had on the life in
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