The Question Of The Existence Of A Higher Power, Or A God

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The question of the existence of a higher power, or a god, has long plagued philosophers. Today, much of the intellectual community believe that a god does not, and cannot exist. Yet, for much of the world’s population there is a firm belief in a deity. McCloskey in his article “On Being an Atheist”, outlines the reasons he believes theists are wrong. As a result it is only natural for theists to examine his work and see if his points truly defeat the idea of god’s existence.
McCloskey begins by denying the idea that the existence of a god has been proven by the classical arguments for his existence (McCloskey, 1968). In fact, this is true. The proofs McCloskey references do not prove the existence of god, rather they contend that god is
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Some, like McCloskey, dispute that there needs to be an explanation. Perhaps these objects simply exists, and that is a fact that must be accepted (Evans & Manis, 2009). Philosophically, accepting a fact like this not an answer to the question, but rather turning a blind eye to it. Another argument is that every contingent element simply relies on another contingent element, creating a circle of contingent elements supporting one another (Evans & Manis, 2009). Because of this the whole series of contingent objects cannot be fully explained, nor do they have a reason to exist. Neither of these two atheistic explanations actually answer the question of why or how these contingent objects exist. To say that an answer to this question does not exist or is not needed is to say that true meaning does not exist nor is it needed (Evans & Manis, 2009). The end result of McCloskey’s view is that there does not need to be any reason why the universe is the way it is, which is a rather hard view for a philosopher to take.
Next, McCloskey proclaims that these proofs do not mean that there is an omnipotent, perfect, and ever existing being. Again, he is correct. The arguments never claim that they attempt to prove such a deity exists (Evans & Manis, 2009). The point of the arguments are to make a case that there is a reason a god or gods would exist, not to prove that a certain god exists(Evans & Manis, 2009).

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