The Questions On Biological Toxins

1196 Words Oct 11th, 2016 5 Pages
Nelsen et al. (2014) presents and discusses what the authors believe to be the inconsistencies among the definitions of poisons, venoms, and toxins, as well as the conflation, or mixing, of these terms within the literature. The three primary classes of toxins, biological, anthropogenic, and environmental, are defined and distinguished so that the authors can further discern the biological toxins using their own classification scheme (Nelsen et al. 2014). Nelsen et al. (2014) presents the necessity of their three-class scheme, which they proposed due to the terminological inconsistencies within and among the literature on biological toxins. I think implementing a new term to detract from the misconstruction of existing toxicological definitions would be constructive, especially with the proposed corresponding binomial classification system. This review aims to discuss the breadth and functionality of the Nelsen et al. (2014) categorization of toxins.
Through their new categorical binomial nomenclature system, based on source, delivery mechanism, and storage of toxins, Nelsen et al. (2014) introduces a novel term within the biological toxins to further reduce the ambiguity of toxicological definitions such as venom and poison. Toxungen, or a toxic ointment as stated by Nelsen et al. (2014), is a toxic substance which is actively delivered to the surface of the antagonizing organism and affects without the necessitation of a wound. With the introduction of the term, toxugen,…
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