The Rationale Behind Nursing Interventions

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Introduction: Mrs. Pink, aged 75 was admitted to the orthopaedic ward after suffering a fall at home, resulting in an intracapsular fracture of the hip at the femoral neck. Mrs. Pink has a history of cancer and cardiac diseases and has severe rheumatoid arthritis. Due to ageing patients putting a great deal of strain on the health care system, the incidences of hip fractures in the elderly are a major concern and requires careful consideration regarding treatment. Known as a major cause of disability in the elderly, hip fractures and their subsequent need for surgery result in chronic pain and an altered quality of life (Strike, Sieber, Gottschalk & Mears, 2013). Although important to improve a patient’s quality of life and physical independence, pain related to a total hip replacement (THR), also known as hip arthroplasty (HA) can lead to delays in ambulation, longer hospital stays, poor functional outcomes and quality of life. The purpose of this essay is to identify the rationale behind nursing interventions provided to post-operative THR patients as well as the pathology of a femoral neck hip fracture and their procedure for assessment and diagnosis. Pathology: The pathology of a hip fracture relates to the science, or aetiology of the femoral neck fracture in question and risk factors specific to hip fractures in the elderly are related to ageing. The most common cause of a hip fracture is physical trauma or impact, such as when stress or pressure placed on the
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