The Reason For The Existence Of Evil

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The reason for the existence of evil is a topic that as been a debauchle among philosophers for a long time. In this paper I am going to examine four major perspectives: the Judaic/Christian family, Augustine’s free will theory, “soul-making theodicy,” and eschatological perspective. All of these theories have valid points and flaws in their writing. I hope to compare and contrast them, so that I can better undertand. First, there is the perspective of Judaism and Christianity. The cause of evil and the extent of its power rely on “conditional covenants.” That is how it began in the garden of Eden. God promised he would take care of them and humanity could continue to live without pain, yet they chose to break the one rule God gave them.…show more content…
It’s the story of David and Bathsheba. Then, there is the question of corrupt people and organizations. It is hard to imagine what purpose God could be serving by letting them continue. God can use wicked people and things to accomplish his purposes. He is always in control. Also, justice is guaranteed in regards to payment for sins. If we do not see evil punished on Earth, it will be punished in eternity. Specifically, suffering due to evil can also serve a redemptive purpose. This is most profoundly seen in the doctrine of the Messiah, whom the Christians understand to be Jesus. Our evil nature had created a chasm between humanity and God. God sent his Son to bridge the spiritual gap. In order to do that, he had to suffer and die at the hands of evil. Then, he rose again. God permitted this to happen, but the people who crucified Jesus were not following God’s orders. They were motivated by the evil in their hearts. God simply used their evil deeds for good, the redemption of all people who would come. This perspective has much to say about the teleological answer for evil. God allows it, but He is still good and great. The only problem is, not all events happen with for an instrumental purpose for the benefit of the sufferer. This is cleary portrayed in the book of Job. Next, there is Augustine’s free will theory, which was heavily influenced by Neo-Platonism. According to Augustine, evil is a “deprivation” or lack of good. The only pro I can
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