The Reasons Behind United States' Withdrawal of Forces From Vietnam in 1973

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The Reasons Behind United States' Withdrawal of Forces From Vietnam in 1973 When Nixon was elected President, he promised that he would end the war. In, 1973, President Nixon and Henry Kissinger negotiated a cease-fire and all the American soldiers left Vietnam. I will be discussing why Nixon ended the war and explaining the tactics used by both sides and the protesting of the American people.

The Vietcong were the Communists from the North. They used guerrilla tactics. This was very effective. The guerrillas attacked in small groups and then disappeared. They controlled the countryside which supplied them with food and shelter. They were given
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The most famous route that was built was the Ho Chi Minh trail. It went from North Vietnam to South Vietnam and in parts it was 50 miles wide. 40,000 people worked constantly to keep it open. The Americans could not block it because it passed through neutral countries such as Laos and Cambodia. The Americans had a large number of troops, the best weapons in the World and a strong economy but the Vietcong had better tactics. In the jungles, the Vietcong hid in the trees and were hard to see. The Americans weren't used to the jungle terrain of Vietnam so that made it even harder for them.

Anti-war protests began as soon as the war did. Some Americans went far enough to burn themselves to death in demonstrations. The media played a big part in increasing the protesting and pressuring the government to end the war. Back at home Americans watched uncensored footage on their colour TVs in horror. They saw pictures of terrified children running away from soldiers, their skin peeling from napalm. They saw the piles of dead bodies from the My Lai Massacre. They couldn't believe that their soldiers were doing this. Another reason to be anti-war was that taxes had risen to pay for the war and conscription was introduced. Many men that went to war didn't want to do what they were doing. Many men didn't even know what they were fighting for. The average age of a soldier was 19.

The Americans
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