The Reasons for the Change in Population of Urban and Rural Population

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The Reasons for the Change in Population of Urban and Rural Population

I have chosen Peru as the LEDC that I shall study to help me examine the reasons for the change in population of urban and rural population. In Peru the rural areas tend to have a higher percentage of younger and older people (the non-productive dependents) than those of working age (16 to 65). In urban areas of Peru the young dependants account for just over a third of the population as opposed to nearly half in rural areas!

More Children are found in the LEDC rural areas as the country has a very poor farming economy. This means that many children are needed to work on farms. As technology is not very high the work is labour
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The vast majority of Peruvians (90%) are Roman Catholic. Roman Catholics are discouraged against contraception and so traditionally they have larger families. Having many offspring is also a sign of virility; it was shameful to only have one child. Especially a girl. In urban areas, people no longer feel they have to abide by such traditional morals and so they don't feel obliged to have a large family.

There are fewer children in the Urban Areas such as lima because there are more single women who do not want children and are more career minded. They migrate from the rural areas to the cities in search of better jobs and a new life. They want a better standard of living for themselves and so often marry later and have a smaller family.

There are more elderly dependent people living in the rural areas than the urban areas for a number of reasons. Firstly the older people are generally more conservative and do not want to move away from the village that they have spent all their life up to this point. Also many old people decide they want to retire back to a rural area when they reach a ripe age and escape the

hustle and bustle of city life. This explains why there are more elderly dependents in the rural area.

In the UK rural and urban population is spread out rather differently.

The number of births is

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