The Reconstruction Era and Its Effects on Slavery with and After President Lincoln

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The Reconstruction Era and its effects on Slavery with and after President Lincoln

The Reconstruction Era which followed the Civil War was a period marked by a severe effort to re-establish a depleted and distraught society. The war, which was aimed at confronting the national dilemma of slavery, only led to subsequent problems over emancipation and an undefined condition of freedom. Some, who had naively assumed that ending slavery would resolve the problem of racial inequality, overlooked the prejudice and unpleasant feeling towards blacks.

Lincoln’s plan for reconstruction was aimed at reuniting southern states with the union and to strengthen the Republican Party in the South; which were his main supporters. One of the main
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In his 2nd Inaugural address, Lincoln advocated that the Civil War was God’s punishment of a nation having human beings kept in bondage (Abraham Lincoln “Second Inaugural Address: March 4, 1865”). Just for a slight moment was Lincoln’s goal realized before the acts of then President Johnson attempted to strip away Lincoln’s foundation for freedom. Before Lincoln was assassinated he managed to get the thirteenth amendment passed in House after it failed to do so in 1864. This was important for Lincoln with elections coming up and he knew that if this wasn’t passed his chances of reelection would be doubtful.

The thirteenth amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude and was the first grant of civil rights given to African Americans (“Thirteenth Amendment: January 31, 1865”). The 14th Amendment was passed into law and protects the rights against state infringements, defines citizenship, prohibits states from interfering with privileges and immunities, requires due process and equal protection, punishes states for denying vote, and disqualifies Confederate officials and debts (“Fourteenth Amendment: June 16, 1866”). For the first time the word “equal” was established into the Constitution.

As a result of the Civil Rights Bill and the Fourteenth Amendment, permitted African Americans the power to make their own labor contracts and commence

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