The Recovery Room

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From the birth of the recovery room in the 1940s to the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) of the 21th century, the look and function of this unit have been in a constant state of evolution. Throughout the six past decades, surgical procedures have become more extensive and complicated and thus require more specially prepared nursing staff and equipment for the care of the patient (Odom-Forren, 2013). The PACU of today is an intensive care specialty that provides care to wide range surgical patients. Many of these patients have more than one chronic condition, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic pain, and chronic heart problems. In order to provide safe patient care, the PACU nurse needs to develop the ability to blend expert clinical knowledge that is based on experience, education, and collegial sharing with caring practices that comes from within and from being a nurse (Odom-Forren, 2013). For many years, critical care experience was a must have requirement prior to working in the PACU. The PACU was staffed with experienced intensive care unit (ICU) nurses with different backgrounds and a solid nursing knowledge base. Nowadays, many of these nurses are retiring or taking different paths in their careers forcing the PACU managers to revise hiring requirements and open the PACU doors to non-ICU and new graduate nurses. In order to assist the new graduate nurses transition to their professional roles in the critical care setting, the Christ
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