The Reformation : Four Challenges For The Catholic Church

1176 WordsSep 21, 20155 Pages
The Reformation: Four Challenges to the Catholic Church The Reformation was a European religious movement of monumental proportions and consequences, during which a new Christian religion, Protestantism, was created. Protestantism differs from other forms of Christianity in that it is not a single church, but many different churches, denominations, and congregations, it is extremely diverse. The first proto-Protestant congregations, even predate the Reformation, drawing their origins from an earlier religious movement, the Hussites. However, it is the Protestant Reformation that gave a start to the first major denominations of Protestantism, of which we list four: Lutheranism, Zwinglianism, Calvinism, and Anglicanism. Lutheranism was started by Martin Luther, a German theologian who instigated the very beginning of the Protestant Reformation. Luther 's protest was written down in his famous 95 Theses of 1517, which critiqued the Roman Catholic Church as a system, which claimed to be essential for human salvation, yet was noticeably-corrupt and hypocritical. Luther attacked the very dogma that stated the unique and divinely sanctioned role of the papacy and church. Hence, he was excommunicated from the Catholic Church; Luther responded to it by translating the Bible from Latin to German, writing the "Book of Concord" - a collection of theological texts meant to replace the Catholic tradition - and building a new religious movement based on these works. In this new
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