The Relationship Between Adult Attachment Classification and Symptoms of Depression

1652 Words Dec 14th, 2008 7 Pages
Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between adult attachment classification and symptoms of depression. By assessing adult attachment classifications in this study it is proposed it will identify individuals at risk to depressive symptoms and help in gaining a better understanding of the types of treatment interventions that may be most effective given an individual’s attachment style.

One hundred undergraduate students will complete two online questionnaires each, with one on adult attachment and one on depression. Data on age and gender will also be collected. It is hypothesized that participants with a preoccupied or fearful style (negative view of self) will have higher levels of depression symptoms
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Secure adults consider themselves as worthy of the concern, care, and affection of others; perceive significant others as being accessible, reliable, trustworthy, and well intentioned; and tend to have relationships characterised by intimacy and trust. Adults with an avoidant attachment style tend to deny their own emotional needs for attachment and perceive others as untrustworthy, thereby limiting their capacity for developing truly intimate relationships. Adults with anxious–preoccupied attachment styles have negative working models of themselves and positive models of significant others, such that their relationships are characterized by worry about abandonment,
hyper vigilance, and jealousy (Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991; Hazan & Shaver, 1987; Levy & & Davis, 1988).

Bartholomew & Horowitz (1991) developed a Relationships Questionnaire (RQ) which is a self-report instrument is designed to assess adult attachment within Bartholomew's (1990) four-category framework. Styles A and B correspond to the secure and fearful-avoidant attachment patterns, respectively. Styles C and D correspond to the preoccupied and dismissing-avoidant attachment patterns respectively. Both the fearful and preoccupied adult attachment styles have been found to be associated with depression (Carnelley et al., 1994).

The core purpose of study is to look into the relationship between adult attachment classification and the symptoms of depression in an adult population,…