The Relationship Between Anemia and Nutritional Issues Essay

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The Relationship Between Anemia and Nutritional Issues

INTRODUCTION
"Anemia can be defined as a decrease in the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood caused by low hemoglobin concentration" ("A Practical Guide", 1). "Cells in the body require oxygen to fully utilize fuels. The oxygen is transported from the lungs to tissues throughout the body via red blood cells. Oxygen binds to hemoglobin, a specific molecule within each red blood cell. This molecule consists of heme, which is a red pigment, and globin, which is a protein. If the amount of functioning hemoglobin is reduced, a condition known as anemia arises" ("Anemia", 1). "The anemia that may result can take many forms, including that caused by a low iron level (iron
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The disorder may arise from a number of underlying conditions, some of which may be hereditary, but in many cases poor diet is to blame. Although some forms of anemia require supervised medical care, those stemming from improper nutrition can typically be treated at home once a physician has determined the cause"("Anemia", 1-2). Anemia induced by poor nutrition encompasses a large part of the disease. It is important to investigate anemia related to nutrition, because it is a problem that is present in our lives and there is a lot of action we can take to prevent and treat this disease. The most common forms of nutritional anemia are iron-deficiency anemia, folic-acid deficiency anemia, and Pernicious anemia, which is commonly known as anemia caused by a vitamin B12 deficiency.

REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

There is an abundant amount of information available on the various types of nutritional anemia and treatments for those diseases. "International Nutritional Anemia Consultative Group was established in 1977 in response to the need for developing a worldwide awareness of the problem of nutritional anemia and the need for an infrastructure that could assist in dealing with this problem"(ilsi.org, 1). "The International Nutritional Anemia Consultative Group network provides consultative services and advice to operating and donor agencies seeking to reduce nutritional anemia and its accompanying
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