The Relationships Between Consciousness and the Brain

3267 Words Feb 19th, 2018 13 Pages
Historically, responses have fallen into two categories: Dualism (referring to a discrete distinction between mind and matter) and Monism (referring to the notion that mind and body are aspects of the same of entity). For centuries philosophers have hotly debated solutions to the mind-body problem through philosophical reasoning and rational. However in the 20th century, philosophers have begun to turn to science in an attempt to decipher a solution. For example, the concept of rationality in the mind-body problem has been addressed by psychology as well as making parallels to computer science. Furthermore, recently several Journals have been generated in order to discuss consciousness. However, applying science to the intentionality component of the mind-body problem has not been widely attempted. This may come as a surprise considering intentionality may be one of the most fundamental aspects. The reason for intentionality being so crucial is a result of rationality only existing among intentional states, as well as consciousness may be simply an intentional occurrence. Thus, applying scientific theory rather than philosophical reasoning may result in significant progression in the mind-body problem. Thus far, the most widely agreed upon explanation for intentionality involves the concept that our minds encompass mental representations. That is, we are capable of expressing…
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