The Release Of India From The British Grip Of Power Seemed

1728 WordsApr 20, 20177 Pages
The release of India from the British grip of power seemed to be a historic victory, but it soon posed problems for the inhabitants the subcontinent. Ever since the formation of Pakistan and India, the East Pakistani population saw a cultural divide between themselves and their Western counterpart. Although there were numerous other factors that had contributed to this difference, language was the one critical catalyst for Bengali self-determination. The formation of Bangladeshi nationalism began with the Bengali Language movement, which was of key significance because it unified the Bengali people under the banner of nationalism. Historical events leading up to the Bangladesh Liberation War, such as the Indo-Pakistan War and Operation…show more content…
With the goal of avoiding religious bloodbath, what seemed to be a simple, quick-fix solution for state separation posed a series of problems for Pakistan. The problem lay in the fact that there were two completely different nations that were forced to coalesce into one state. This dilemma can be seen with the fundamental differences between West and East Pakistan. Although East Pakistan contained a little over half (54.8%) of the total Pakistani population, it only took up about an eighth (15.1%) of the total land area. However, the disparities between the East and West do not end with land distribution. In both foreign aid and per capita income, West Pakistan dominated their Eastern counterpart. This economic disparity persisted during the ten years of Pakistani independence, and the per capita income actually worsened over a ten-year period (between 1950-1960). The offices of the central Pakistani government were all located in the west, and recruitment for civil, military, and administrative positions were predominantly given to West Pakistanis. However, the key difference between West and East Pakistan lay in culture. Each respective region contained two spheres of peoples that were vastly different in regards to attitudes and ambitions. The West was a land of mountains and deserts, and its people mimicked the solidity and stability of its geographic features. The West Pakistanis were described to be energetic, and had fierce respect for government,
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