The Religious Believer's Explanation for the Existence of Evil and Suffering in the World

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The problem of evil and suffering presents a real problem to the religious believer because it compels them to accept conflicting claims that are logically impossible to reconcile. Religious followers often question the nature of God and whether or not he is the type of God we are led to believe. St Augustine said that if God cannot stop evil and suffering he is not all powerful if he will not stop evil and suffering then he is not all good. However Augustine did not actually believe this to be true he set it out as something which he was going to solve. Surely God can do all that is logically possible if he created the world out of nothing. If God is supposedly all knowing then he should know how to stop evil and suffering. If God is all…show more content…
J.L. Mackie a modern philosopher had a similar approach to Hume and he believed that God could not be both omnibenevolent and omnipotent if evil exists. He labelled this the inconsistent triad and believed that you could not have all three conflicting claims at once. Flew another modern philosopher looked at the possibility that God may not love us. He believed the biggest challenge to the believer is allowing the challenge of God’s existence and demanding an answer. He said it is not enough to just say that God’s love is different to ours because it is the simplest explanation. If we do this we are just qualifying God’s love as opposed to demanding a solution and finding good reason why he should not intervene. A possible solution to the problem of evil is the Augustinian theodicy which is based on Genesis. St Augustine argued that in genesis 1 God is seen as creating a world that is perfectly good and free from defect. He said that this was clearly outlined in G1:31 where it says “God saw what he had made and it was very good.” He believed that evil itself is not a thing or substance therefore God did not create it. Augustine argue that “evil was the going wrong of something good and as a result Augustine termed evil as a “privation of a good” that did not come from God but entities with free will such as angels and humans who were willing to give

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