The Renaissance Period

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The Renaissance started in Italy during the 1300’s before spreading throughout Europe in the 1500 and 1600’s. It came about because of a change in the way of thinking. In an effort to learn, people began to want to understand the world around them. This study of the world and how it works was the start of a new age of science. “The people were curious and questioned the known wisdom of the church. They began to use experimentation and observation to solve worldly problems”. (Johnson). Many Renaissance intellects focused on trying to define and understand the laws of nature and the physical world. During the Renaissance, great advances occurred in science and technology as well as others areas. Gun powder was invented around 1040.…show more content…
The microscope was invented in 1590 in Holland, by Zaharias Janssen and his dad. It was a compound microscope with two lenses. It was used to view things too tiny to be seen with the naked eye. The microscope used concave and convex lenses to bend light and enlarge images. In 1660, Dutch scientist, Anton van Leeuwenhoek was the first to study bacteria using a microscope. Using the idea of the microscope, Hans Lippershy of Middleberg decided to invent the telescope in 1608. He thought that if a microscope could enlarge images too small for the naked eye to see then there must be a way to enlarge objects too far away to see. He combined two lenses and a tube in a different way than the microscope. By using convex and concave lenses he was able to magnify stars and planets. The last major event in astronomy during the Renaissance is the work of Nicolaus Copernicus. “In 1514 he began to explore a new idea that the Earth revolved around the sun. He spent the rest of his life attempting to prove this.” (Fradin). Galileo continued Copernicus’ work by observing the skies with a homemade telescope. “ Galileo proved, beyond a doubt, that the Earth was not the only center of motion in the universe” (Owen). Although he was able to prove Copernicus correct, his work was rejected by the Church and he was threatened with torture and death if he did not recant. Some famous scientist and inventors spent time in jail and were

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