The Republic, By Plato

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In the Republic, Plato narrates a dialogue about justice and what it means between Socrates and some of his peers. Socrates argues with three of them about what is justice and is it to be just. Socrates begins his dialogue with Cephalus, then shifts the conversation to Polemarchus and then has Thrasymachus finish the debate. Each of them gave different perspectives to what justice means and what it is to be just. In this paper I will show how each one of their definition is unique yet can also be seen to be quite similar. I will also suggest which one of the definition I like to be right, if any. In the beginning of the book Socrates starts off his conversation with Polemarchus’ father, Cephalus. Socrates enters the room and Cephalus welcomes him in. Cephalus begins to tell Socrates that he should come by more often and see the old man. Socrates states “I enjoy talking with the very old, for we should ask them, as we might ask those who have travelled a road that we too will probably have to follow, what kind of road it is, whether rough and difficult or smooth and easy” (328e). Socrates then asks whether Cephalus misses his youthful years and if things are going well. Cephalus says “the majority complain about the lost pleasures they remember from their youth… but I don’t think they blame the real cause, for if old age were really the cause, I should have suffered in the same way” (329b). Cephalus argues that he does not feel the same as the other old people because he has

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