Many Irish people who had immigrated to America supported home rule of Ireland, many Irish and not just Catholics but a few rich Protestant land owners who believed they could govern Ireland and tenant farmers also supported this idea as the president would help them buy the land they farmed. Others, mainly Protestants thought this would be a bad idea because being part of England they have a share in the empire, the United Kingdom and have an economic income from England. The Unionists wanted to stay with England because they too were Protestants and were afraid the Catholic Church would take over if Ireland was independent, the Nationalists didn't want to be ruled by protestant. Without the United Kingdom they could be an island with little support. Each group of people wanted
Every seven years the Secretary of State can initiate a referendum if she/he believes that a majority of people would vote for a United Ireland. Furthermore, if there is a majority for a United Ireland in Northern Ireland, then the government of the United Kingdom would have to allow it. Moreover, every citizen has the right to declare themselves as either British or Irish and, if they want it, a dual citizenship has to be provided. At last, by rephrasing Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish constitution the territorial claim over Northern Ireland will be abolished, the right of electoral consent is supported and the Irish laws will, instead of applying to all 32 counties, only apply to
The overall organization of the U.S. and Irish government has a lot of similarities but also has its differences. Ireland is known to be a parliamentary democracy and has 3 branches of government, which are the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary branch. The United States is similar in the way that they also have three branches of government which are the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branch and has a democracy. The constitution was the foundation for the U.S government just like it was for the Irish government and how they govern their country. In Ireland there are many political parties while in the U.S. there are mainly only two. The Irish constitution applies to the 32 counties in Ireland but in the United States it refers to the 50 states. In Ireland their common law system is based on the English model and in the United States it’s based on the English common law.
In the 16th century, Henry VIII turned England into a Protestant country, but most of the Irish people remained Catholic. Being that no one listened to the king, he sent in soldiers to push them to change religions. The land owners fled their land when the soldiers came in. New protestant colonists came in to settle on the island. The Catholics rebelled and tried to get their country back, but were not successful and were left without power and land. While Great Britain gained full control of the whole island in the 19th century, Ireland has joined Wales, England, and Scotland to become the United Kingdom.
The difference the United States has from other countries comes from societal and social normative. The United States foundation was built upon individualistic ideals. Given these points, The United States society upholds the American Bill or rights; it is organized around the Declaration of Independence, “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” (Barr 36). Alternatively, Canadian foundational principles were built upon collectivist concepts. The Canadian government preserves the principle of parliamentary supremacy; it is organized around “peace, order, and good government” (Barr 36). So, it is logical that after the Revolution during the cultural migration those in favor of British rule moved to the north. Conversely, those supporting the south supported newly independent colonies.
This paper is a comparison of the lives of two influential statesmen in western culture, one British and the other American. Great Britain and the United States have had a long and sometimes complicated relationship throughout history.
The first and second reason the Irish immigrated was mostly caused by conditions after 1717 that began to grow uneasy. The British encouraged the people of Northern Ireland who were called Scotch-Irish to create a Catholic Ireland. Irish could not live with religious freedom. They were often challenged by the British
Canada and the United States have been perceived as the world 's “longest undefended border” throughout history. As John F. Kennedy stated, “[Geography has made us neighbours, history has made us friends, economics has made us partners and necessity has made us allies]”(Leskun, 4), this relationship reveals to be the one that signals Canada’s most significant foreign policy. Pulled with ups and downs, the relation tests Canada’s identity as an independent nation. Though we share the same language and are just a border apart, Canada and the U.S. may not be the ‘best friends’ they are referred as. Our political, economic, and culture seems to clash upon theirs, but Canada is very distinct in terms of values, in policies, and actions from
In North America their three different countries. The two with the most relations is Canada and The United States. With having expansive lands both share a very long border. By all accounts both have rich a history with each other and are very similar life style. When a Canadian or an American travels around the world they will get mistaken for the other. But that’s when the not real a good representation of for both countries. Even thou very similar in nature, Canada and The United States have part that make both countries very different. In reference to different in density to population, religious beliefs and their countries recognizing of languages. Canada and The United at face value seem to be twin brothers, but that is not the final case in the matter.
However, The British government itself was going through a hard time in trying to keep the people of England healthy. It wasn’t until 1916 when a call for reform was widely spread and would create the Irish Republican Army (IRA) that would begin to fight the British army in order to gain independence. The IRA use guerrilla warfare by organizing small attacks that would be widely spread out. Although, the British would see these attacks as terrorist attacks which continued for five years. With no end in sight the British offered on December 6, 1921 the Anglo-Irish treaty which would divide Ireland into two.
The title refers to the Act of Union, which united Great Britain and Ireland under the name of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801, as a response to the Irish rebellion. England forced this union on Ireland despite the Irish obviously did not want it.
Why the Irish Catholics and Protestants fought in Northern Ireland for centuries – the conflict started when Ireland was split into two parts, Northern Ireland (a part of the United Kingdom) and the Republic of Ireland (an independent country). In the 16th century, Henry VII turned England in a protestant country, but most of the Irish remained Roman Catholic. James I sent thousands of protestant colonists to take over the Catholic people’s land. The Catholics rebelled but they were defeated by the middle of the 17th century. They were left without land nor power. The conflict between the Protestants and the Catholics have been going on for over 400 years. 50% of Northern Ireland consisted of Protestants, while 40% consisted of Catholics and both groups lived separately.
Irish independence has been fought for a long time ever since the British occupied Ireland in 1172. The King of England invaded and controlled Ireland. The invasion led to religious and territorial conflicts. There was an effort to create a church comparable to the Church of England in the 1500s. Catholics who live in Ireland were against the idea and a conflict for independence has emerged (Arena & Arrigo, 2004). The suppression of Irish nationalism by the British in the 20th century led to the creation of martyrs for the cause led by the Irish Republican Army (Combs, 2011).
Although it may have once been possible to describe the two political parties as being ‘two empty bottles’, essentially being the same party separated by one or two issues, it can be argued that this is no longer the case. The statement that the parties are now ‘ideologically distinct’ certainly has some backing, with them becoming increasingly polarised.
Introduction: In this presentation, Mrs Karine Brigand focused on the impact of Brexit from both Dublin and Belfast perspectives. This “unique” relationship, between the United Kingdom (UK) and Ireland, continued after the 1922 partition. They created a free circulation between both countries. A free circulation