The Republic Of Plato 's Republic

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Plato’s Republic Plato aims to show from book 1 that justice has intrinsic value to itself, that it gives one a more satisfying pursuit of life. In book I, he retorts Thrasymachus ' account that justice is the advantage of the stronger. Initially this makes sense that if justice were defined by state law, then the entirety of nations, differing in laws, would be unified by the principle of rule by force, in which the strong create the law. They would do so to suit their own specific needs. Inherent to this argument is the presumption that the ruler’s control of education will leave the citizens unable to determine the ultimate goal of the state law and assume that it is to uphold their own needs society. This would leave the Socrates’ elenchus useless. But despite this Socrates examines the definition of a ruler and concludes it to correspond with the care of his subjects, and Thrasymachus agrees. From this springboard, only by refutation, does Socrates get Thrasymachus to admit, that inherent to justice must be order, wisdom and virtue. The clear and consistent direction of argument reveals Plato’s presuppositions on the subject, and namely that it is valuable and virtuous in its self. In Book II, justice is examined from a different point of view. Socrates and Glaucon construct a masterful argument in which justice is merely a compromise in men. That, according to his nature, man is completely inclined towards injustice, and that being just would not be

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