The Republic of Crimea: A Brief Analysis

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The Republic of Crimea is situated on a peninsula extending from the south of Ukraine between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. It is separated from Russia by the Kerch Strait. After the Cold War protests broke out against the pro-Moscow government led by Viktor Yanukovych. He stepped down and was replaced by Olexander Turchynov as the interim Prime Minister. A referendum was held and the great majority of the Russian-speaking Crimean people wished Crimea to become a part of the Russian Federation. Since Crimea was a part of Russia until 1954 there is a basis for this accession. The referendum was considered illegal and sanctions were imposed on Russia by the United States of America and certain European countries. In 1996 the Ukrainian constitution declared that Crimea would have independent republic status. Crimea has its own official parliament as well; however, as an unofficial parliament called the Mejlis, whose resolve is to endorse the rights and interests of the Crimean Tatars. The Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States was signed in Uruguay on the 26th of December 1933 and sets out the requirements for statehood as a permanent population, a defined territory, a government and the capacity to enter into relations with other states. Crimea is divided into 14 districts. Its population is 2 018 400 people, including 1 265 900 people who live in cities and 752 500 people in rural towns. It is roughly is 26,1 thousand square km and borders the

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