The Reserve Bank Of Australia

1794 Words Dec 11th, 2014 8 Pages
Executive Summary
Booms, busts, recessions, and growth; all of the preceding terms are characteristics of a typical market economy. There are times when an economy can flourish spectacularly and there are times when it can fail miserably. Consequently, it is the responsibility of a nation’s central bank to manage these fluctuations through conducting effective monetary policy. The following paper will assume the perspective of the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) and critically analyze the past, present, and future of the Australian economy while considering specific sectors. With a GDP of over $1 trillion USD, the Australian economy is among the largest in the world (Cornett and Saunders, 2014). Australia is trading partners with the United States, China, and Japan, but their economic ties are mainly centered in the Pacific Rim. Exports are crucial to the country’s GDP and this has created problems regarding sustainability in the Australian economy. The Australian economy is reliant on three key sectors: services, housing, and mining. The services sector employs the largest percentages of Australians – around 80 percent – and is responsible for approximately 70 percent of the country’s GDP (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010). With jobs in a variety of specific industries, this sector drives the success of the Australian economy. The housing sector is experiencing unprecedented growth leading to concerns over a potential asset bubble. An increase in the amount…
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