The Responsibility For Childhood Nutrition

1001 WordsDec 7, 20155 Pages
The responsibility for childhood nutrition relies on parents, but also it depends on the government when health problems affecting children’s growth and intellectual development take place. But how effective is the state intervention? To what extent should the government decide for the citizens? These are some questions this policy brief attempts to answer. Anyone likes government to decide their diet; however several programs were implemented to face one of the most important consequences of malnutrition, childhood obesity. Obesity and overweight are caused by energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. Children are eating more and more energy-dense food that is high in fat, and also children are reducing their activities and become more sedentary (WHO, 2015). According to the World Health Organization, worldwide obesity has doubled since 1980. In 2013, 42 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese. Latest research in the United States for period 2011-2012 indicates that 8.1% of infants and toddlers and 16.9% of 2 to 19 years old had high weight for recumbent length, while 34.9% of adults aged 20 years or older were obese (Ogden et al., 2014). Thus, childhood obesity is a serious health problem, which leads adult illness. In general the child overweight and obesity are influenced by a large number of factors like taste, health, social status, prices and in addition, children are also influenced by their parent 's eating
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