Prior to World War I, Britain was the most imperialistic country in the world. The British Empire occupied more than a quarter of the world, which spread over five continents and France controlled most of Africa. Because of this control the rivalry with Germany and Italy had increased, they decided they wanted a colonial empire also.
Let's start with India. India during this age had a lot to offer Britain. India was filled with raw materials that Britain wanted. They started the British East India Company in order to take over. They continuously grew in power and started to influence
On the map in Doc E a map of the world is shown showing how much of the world’s oceans Britain had under control. Then in Doc F we’re shown imperialism in the size of colonial empires. Once again, Britain had the most square miles of empire. Due to this, many countries felt threatened by Britain (as well as Russia) and promptly made Austria-Hungary and Germany worried about their trade. Nonetheless, this is not the underlying cause of war either. Control over more land doesn’t warrant a war.
I. From 1701 to 1760, France and England were continually fighting. A. Because of the fighting, France’s economy was nearly bankrupt. France wanted to cut back on the fur trade in New France. B. Three major handicaps in the war for the French in Canada. 1. Because the fur trade
The British were victorians in their war against the French and Indians but did go threw some struggles. At the end of the war, France ceded all of its land in North America, east of the Mississippi
Many different countries such as France, Germany and the United States, were trying to make improvements to their empires by expanding their territory. This was a form of expansionism. There was an industrial boom in this period. Many railroads were created, steam power was used and ways to communicate faster, pushed Britain to expand their empire. Countries like Russia and Germany were traveling through eastern Europe to see what land was out there. Russia was looking for new territory so they would not have to be dependent on imports. The lack of land and bread forced Russia to search for new territory. As Germany expanded their arsenal other counties were looking for ways to keep up with the arms race. New technology such as machine guns and trench warfare made other countries aware of the fulled race for empire expansionisms. After napoleon's reign through western europe Germany, Russia and the U.S had to come up with the system of alliances in order to protect their land and political interest.
To begin, Great Britain had a total of 12,740,000 miles of land in the year 1913, a year before World War One began. The closest country to Great Britains size was France with 4,440,000 miles of land. Great Britain was very confident and would try to overpower many nations, causing problems. (Document F) In 1917, Germany became upset with Great Britain because they were practicing imperialism. Germany created a cartoon symbolizing how they felt Great Britain was taking over the world. (Document E) Also, Germany was angry with Great Britain because they took over the seas. The seas were a necessity for every country to be able to trade during the war and still make a profit and receive military aid too. (Document E) By practicing imperialism, lines are crossed, causing problems that lead to World War
The British originally came in as a decent sized company in East India, but when the sepoys attacked that company, England sent their whole army and navy to get the sepoys under control, but while doing that they also took over all of India. Although economically and socially the Indians did benefit in some ways, the British established a massive infrastructure by controlling India and having a huge political, economic, and social impact on India that helped them more than it helped the Indians.
Britain had to not only govern the well-being of their own land but also that of the colonies. British governing the other colonies resulted in monarchs accusing colonists for their lost of revenue. The British believe since they were protecting the colonists they should be repaid. The British were in an extreme debt. Another political conflict was the removing the French and British soldiers in the United States. Britain also abandoned its policy of Salutary Neglect and increased their authority over colonial conflicts. After the French and Indians lost to the British colonies the British imposed tax on the colonists but the colonists did not consider themselves to be British but they considered themselves as another
Each of the great powers had strong, nationalistic feelings, which instilled in them a sense of superiority over other countries. As a result, each country began dominating nearby countries which they believed to be inferior. The great powers allocated most of a dominated country’s resources to their own countries, which made them more powerful, and therefore gave them more control. However, the peoples of occupied countries often had their own nationalistic feelings, and they refused to accept the cultures the great powers were trying to force on them, became another source of
Great Britain ended up making decisions that greatly harmed the colonists. As stated by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, they were harmed in numerous ways. Jefferson said their seas were plundered, their towns were ravaged,
Cause and Effect on World War 1 World War One, a huge conflict that sparked in 1914 and lasting all the way until 1918. The war was between the world’s greatest powers as two opposing sides; the Central Powers and the Allies. It was a chain of events that had
Imperialism made countries want to aspire to increase wealth and power by making other territories be under their rule. Countries competed for overseas territories in search of raw materials and market for their goods. It created rivalry in
Realists argue that cooperation However the main reason behind that, is because so many countries have such strong nuclear warfare, that if any state chose to attack, it would be the complete and ultimate end of our world as we know it. In a way, the strength of modern warfare has created an almost cooperation between states to not go to war with another. We are well aware of the power we all hold. However this “cooperation” only stems from the competitive, modern technology of our warfare. In Peter Liberman’s article The Spoils of Conquest, he explains the liberalists argument that “rulers have no economic incentive to expand and are thus less covetous of neighboring real estate” (126). However our international economy lacks a centralized authority- creating an anarchical society. And when there is a lack of a centralized authority, states more or less tend to do what they please- creating a strong distrust amongst states that inherently leads to an overall lack of cooperation. Even if certain states in no way have any intention of conquest and are perfectly content with the power they currently have, does not mean that the other states want to let their defenses down. This leads to the creation
Scottish author, Christopher North (also known as John Wilson) once said, “His Majesty's dominions, on which the sun never sets” in reference to the large span of territory occupied by the British Empire. At the height of its power, Great Britain held territory on all of the seven continents and ruled over about one-fourth of the world’s population. A map of the British Empire in the 19th century published by the History of England shows that Great Britain occupied areas such as Canada, Australia, Egypt, South Africa, modern day India, Honduras, and many other lands. The primary purpose of British imperialism was to acquire as much foreign territory as possible in order to gain abundant amounts of raw materials and to create a market for British