The Responsibility Of The Right Holders

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A large component of this involves identifying the responsibility of the right-holders (the Aboriginal People) and the duty-bearers (the Canadian government). Under s. 91(24) of the Constitution Act, 1967, the Canadian government has a fiduciary obligation to address First Nations safe drinking water. After years of pressure, the government proposed Bill S-11 in 2010 as a viable solution. Bill S-11 sought to address the issue of First Nations’ access to clean drinking water rights. Unfortunately, it was not passed. Recently, the Liberal government promised in its 2015 election campaign to ensure that First Nations had access to clean water. The current government should consider revisiting Bill S-11 and provide a clause that recognizes…show more content…
These streams are believed to operate independently from one another; however, all three streams need to connect in order for a policy change to emerge. Fundamentally, the policy streams model focuses on the importance of timing and the actions that influence policy actions. In addition, these streams are supported through the actions of lobbyists and interest groups. The streams model can be used to explain how the timing was right for the Liberal government to enact the policy that would ensure Aboriginal people had the right to quality water in their communities through the passage of Bill S-11. When the problem, policy and political streams align, it creates what is known to be a “window of opportunity.” Kingdon defined the policy window as “an opportunity” that allows advocates to bring their problems to the government’s attention. The window of opportunity opens up at a specific time for a specific policy when the three separate streams of problems, policies and politics come together.” In regards to First Nations’ right to water, the window of opportunity is present for the current government to draft and pass a legislation that recognizes and ensure that Aboriginal people have their right to quality water is upheld by the government. The Grassy Narrows mercury poisoning opened a window of policy opportunity for the Canadian government to acknowledge that there is a problem that needs to be
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