The Results Based Budgeting Of Oakland Unified

2614 Words Aug 28th, 2014 11 Pages
The Results-Based Budgeting of Oakland Unified
Throughout the history of the American public education, lots of problems have emerged but with some effort from enlightened men and the federal government they were successfully solved. However, one of those problems that proved to be intractable over the years despite the many solutions proposed for it was and still is the income achievement gap. Professor Sean R. Reardon, a Professor of Education and Sociology at Stanford University, showed the inevitable relationship between parental income and the academic achievement of students. The income achievement gap as he defined it is “… the academic performance difference due to … income difference between a child from a family at the 90th percentile of the family income distribution and a child from a family at the 10th percentile …” (Reardon 1). Also, in his book, Whither Opportunity, Greg Duncan and Katherine Magnuson, a distinguished Professor in Education and the latter has a Ph.D. in Human Development and Social Policy, noted that poor students from the bottom ten percent of the family income spectrum scored about a standard deviation lower than their wealthier peers at the top ten percent of the spectrum (47). Clearly, the most affected party of this obstinate problem are those financially-challenged students who come from families with low-income jobs. The U.S. government took on this responsibility to ensure equal educational opportunity for all students alike regardless…
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