Running head: REVIEW OF THE REVISED BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY
Testing and Assesssment: Comprehensive review of the revised Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-IA)
The Revised BDI (1993)
Publication Dates: 1961-93
Authors: Aaron T. Beck and Robert A. Steer.
Price Data, 1994: $46 per complete kit including 25 record forms and manual ( '93, 24 pages); $25.50 per 25 record forms; 22.50 per manual
The revised Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-IA), introduced at the Center for Cognitive Therapy (CCT) in 1971, is a 21 item self-report rating inventory which measures characteristic attitudes and symptoms for the purpose of assessing the severity of depression in…show more content…
The choices or statements comprised in each item are listed in order of increasing severity. Within each of the 21 items, test takers are instructed to choose the alternative that best describes the way they have been feeling during the past week, including the day they are taking the test (BDI, 1993). In contrast to the original BDI which measured a present state (i.e.: asking patients to rate themselves on how they feel "right now"), the revised version assesses a more persistent trait (BDI, 1993). The 21 symptoms and attitudes assessed in the test include: 1. Mood; 2. Pessimism; 3. Sense of Failure; 4. Self-dissatisfaction; 5. Guilt; 6. Punishment; 7. Self-dislike; 8.Self-accusations; 9. Suicidal Ideas; 10. Crying; 11: Irritability; 12. Social withdrawal; 13. Indecisiveness; 14. Body image Change; 15. Work Difficulty; 16. Insomnia; 17. Fatigability; 18. Loss of Appetite; 19. Weight Loss; 20. Somatic Preoccupation; and 21. Loss of Libido (BDI, 1993). (see appendix) The BDI items are rated on a 4-point scale (0 the least severe choice to 3 the most severe alternative) and total scores are obtained by tallying the ratings for all 21 items. Scores range from 0 to 63, with higher scores representing increased severity of depression. If an examinee has chosen more than one statement within a particular item group, the administrator is instructed to use the statement with the highest rating to calculate