The Revolution Of Rio De Janeiro

2132 Words9 Pages
Introduction In 1565, the Portuguese discovered São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, and was named after St. Sebastian, who was the namesake and patron of the Portuguese Monarch D. Sebastião. In the late 1600s, the Bandeirantes, fortune hunters, discovered gold and diamonds nearly Rio de Janeiro. Therefore, the city became more convenient for the Portuguese exportations. During 1800s, many Portuguese fled to Rio in order to escape Napoleon’s invasion of Portugal. There were hundreds of noblemen who were simply homeless because of their sudden arrival in the city. Also, during the exile of numerous Portuguese men into the city, an influx of 145,000 of African slaves arrived in the capital of Rio. By the year of 1840, the rate of African slavery increased up to 220,000 people. In 1822, Prince Pedro declared the independence of Brazil, and kept Rio de Janeiro as the country’s capital. Early in the 1900s, the centre of the city was developing; the first tunnel in the capital was built under the mountains of Botafogo and Copacanaba, and electric streetcars travelled from north to south of the urban. At the same time, the population of Rio was growing, and the amount of landscapes were getting limited, therefore the city started to shift from north to south. Between 1960 and 1975, Rio de Janeiro was removed as the capital of the country for some political reasons, and became one of Rio de Janeiro’s states. Nowadays, Rio de Janeiro is the second most populous city of Brazil, and the
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