The Revolution Of The 19th Century

1609 WordsFeb 2, 20167 Pages
In the early 19th century, Napoleon rose to power in Europe. In 1804, a young man, visited his empire. In 1808, he conquered Spain. In 1810, the Spanish colonies rebelled, and the leader of the army of the republic of Venezuela was that young man, Simon Bolivar, regarded by many as the greatest genius that the Latin American world has ever produced. His life was profoundly influential on the history of the Americas, and it changed them for the better. The revolution began when Napoleon conquered Spain in the Peninsular war. He then installed his brother Joseph as king of Spain, booting out the Bourbon Dynasty. This inflamed the tensions that had been going on in the Spanish American colonies for a long time, as there were disagreements between those who supported the Bourbon dynasty, those who supported the new dynasty, and those who wished to follow the American example and become free. Bolivar was a member of the last group. In 1810, the Spanish Governor of Venezuela was expelled from the colony. In 1811, the fledgling state ratified a constitution, and declared independence from Spain. An aging former general, Francisco Miranda, who had been exiled from Venezuela in 1806 after his role in an attempted revolution, was persuaded to return to Venezuela to lead the army of the new republic. Unfortunately for Venezuela, Spain sent an expeditionary force in 1811, and in 1812 Miranda betrayed the new republic and surrendered his army to Spain. Bolivar was forced by this to
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