The Revolution of 1848 and Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto

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The Revolution of 1848 and Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto

There were two major things that happened in Europe in 1848. One of those things was the Revolution of 1848. The other was the publication of the Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx. The Revolution of 1848, and the Communist Manifesto tie into each other very well. The Revolution was calling for a change in society, and so was Marx through the writing of his Manifesto. The revolution was a foundation for changes to take place in Europe. Due to the Revolution, socialism and communism began to rise.

The Revolution of 1848 affected much of Europe. Almost all of the countries in Europe with the exception of England and Russia were involved in
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This paper caused problems with many of the people in France in 1848.

France did not enter the Revolution of 1848 for the same reasons that other countries in Europe did. In France at that time equality before law was no longer an issue. The struggle for France then became centered on property qualifications. People in France wanted property and also better working conditions.

There were a few major ideas or movements that became increasingly popular in Europe in 1848. These ideas were very important in the Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx with the help of Frederick Engels. The first idea was socialism, which could be defined as: “an economic system based on collective ownership of the means of production, economic planning, and the equal distribution of goods and services.” In this new way of thinking, agriculture and manufacturing satisfied essentially all of humans wants and needs. According to the Manifesto, this new economic structure would lead to a shift in ownership of production from the bourgeois to the proletariat party. There would be no longer be a need for any set positions or responsibilities. Instead, there would be an emergence of the working class.

The bourgeois and the proletariat were the two major parties in much of Europe at the time. In 1848, the bourgeois was the party that ruled. They were the capitalist party. The proletariat party was the working class. The bourgeois
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