The Revolutions Of The Celestial Orbs By Nicolaus Copernicus And Two New Sciences

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The texts The Revolutions of the Celestial Orbs by Nicolaus Copernicus and Two New Sciences by Galileo demonstrates a powerful illustration of heliocentric hypothesis. In each book, astronomer Nicolas Copernicus and Scientist Galileo Galilei describes their theory and assumption about the motion and shapes of the planets and objects based on their understandings and advocating earlier scientist’s thoughts. Nicolas Copernicus describes “Sun” as the center of the universe, which is spherical in shape and other planets(wanderers), which are also spherical revolve around the sun in a Uniform, Eternal, and Circular motion. Likewise, Galileo defines the motion of massive bodies (planets) are steady and uniform, and distance traveled by these bodies are equivalent at equal intervals of time. However, in “Idols of the Mind,” Francis Bacon demonstrated that there were flaws in the assumptions made by the scientists because they conducted the practical experiments and theories based on their own understanding. According to his scientific investigations, past scientific thinkers used tests and experiments based on their thoughts, which he thinks corrupts the “nature of things” as they try to compound their nature with it. Copernicus and Galileo commit errors by demonstrating theories and performing experiments based on the human understandings of themselves and other scientists, like Aristotle. However, because this leads to the corruption of a more natural way of thinking, Francis

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