In this assignment I will be examining and investigating the effects of crime on individuals, communities and business and discussing the role of services that support victims of crime and witness. There are a lot of people and communities that are impacted negatively by crime. However in the public service, there are approaches used in order to reduce crime, disorder and anti-social behaviour. This is done by using websites and wardens to keep track of recent crimes. Also I will be writing about how both public and third sector
The American Criminal Justice System are sets of agencies and process made by the government to control crime and to penalize those who commit it. The justice system is different based one’s jurisdiction, meaning city, state, federal or tribal government or military installation. The Criminal System is divided into two main parts, the state and the federal. The state portion handles crimes within its state boundaries. The federal portion handles crime committed on Federal property or in two or more states (“Criminal Justice” 1). The American Criminal Justice System needs reform because of its emphasizes on incarceration punishment rather than Rehabilitation. Our justice system especially enforces punishment on blacks and Latinos resulting of overpopulation of prisons like Rikers Island for petty crimes. Also, another reform needed the juvenile cases. For example, juveniles who commit petty crimes shouldn’t be sent to adult prison and shouldn’t be near more dangerous and serious inmates.
Today our world is filled with crime. The people committing these crimes must have a consequence for their illegal actions. The system in place to keeping everything fair and safe is called the criminal justice system. This was put in place to ensure there is fairness and justice served to people who break the laws set up by the government.
The criminal justice system has been proven to play a very important role in society. The criminal justice system is used to keep the citizens in check and to make sure that the laws that are made are being followed. It also is there to penalize anyone who disobeys the laws. In the criminal justice system, there are 3 main parts, law enforcement, adjudication, and corrections. Law enforcement is self-explainable. It consists of the law enforcers such as police officers and sheriffs. Adjudication is made up of people in the court house such as judges and lawyers. Corrections is made up of jailhouse matters such as prison officials. In these many components of the criminal justice system, there are all put in place to help correct people to do the right thing. There are punitive efforts and rehabilitative efforts. At time, the system may lean towards one category or more, which can be dangerous in terms of disciplinary action. The criminal justice system is more punitive than rehabilitative which makes the system ineffective.
The Justice system seeks to prevent crimes and to capture those who have committed crimes. But what are the causes of crime, maybe poverty, or greed, or is sometimes caused by the system. Is the risk worth the reward and is reward the worth risking the punishment? Power and influence is threaded deeply into the Criminal Justice System. Are all offenders caught and processed with the same demeanor and given the same punishment? The system needs to be impartial to all offenders regardless of the offender’s social position, job or yearly income. The general punishment for most crimes is incarceration in most states with a difference in duration to adjust per each crime. This is the deterrent against crime. This is what should be keeping
In Reiman’s article, “The Rich Get Richer and the Poor get Prison”, Reiman explain the truth about our criminal justice system. The system we have in place are targeting small crime like drug dealer, assault, and robbery, overshadow crimes like laundered money which is a white collar crime. Prison continue to grow in crimes I listed already while the white crimes are no where to see. The increase of the police power has grow to bring small crime in prison, “ In recent years, we have quadrupled our prison population and, in cities such as New York, allowed the police new freedom to stop and search they suspect. Watching the youtube video Treasury David S. Cohen not having an opinion on HSBC 800 million dollars in drug traffickers in Mexico,cuba,
It is common knowledge that crime exists all over the world and that justice and punishment may vary in different countries and societies. However, how justice and punishment is enforced in a society and globally is not common knowledge. Global justice refers to the belief that the world is unjust; while social justice, in a manner of speaking, refers to the fair treatment of everyone in a society.(“Social Justice”). Both social and global justice value human rights, remove inequality, and holds people accountable for fair practices.(“Social Justice”). If someone commits the same crime as another person, for example, they should receive the same punishment. That is what most people would be inclined to believe, but in the reading “The Moral Ambivalence of Crime in an Unjust Society” by Jeffrey Reiman, crime and justice is reviewed and defined in an uncommon way. Reiman discusses justice in a society where a crime was committed against him and his wife.
The book "The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison" by Jeffrey H. Reiman provides a very interesting account of how the rich are being treated by the criminal justice system in a more favorable than the poorer and nonviolent criminals who are generally mistreated. Reiman started his book by stating that the recently noted decline in crime rate is skewed. This is clear in the 12th page of his book when he stated that After more than 20 years of telling us that crime was growing out of control and proposing more cops and tougher laws and more prisons, crime rates are now coming down and politicians are jumping to claim credit for the reductions" (Reiman ,p. 12).The book is a well written text that effectively examines the various harmful acts that are committed by the rich in our society. These harmful acts include bribery, medical crimes, and embezzlement of public funds, crime against consumers as well as environmental crimes such as unsafe workplaces as well as pollution among many others. Reiman's book, in its thorough analysis of the various harmful acts noted that there is a particular bias against the poor people within the American criminal justice system.He demonstrated that acts like murder, assault and theft that are committed by the poor people are treated by the criminal justice system as very serious crimes while on the other hand, other harmful acts like bribery, medical crimes, embezzlement of public funds, crime against consumers as well as
In the chapter, "Crime Control in America," Reiman suggests that the system has been designed to fail. Imprisoning drug offenders, for instance, does nothing to reduce the number of drug offenders in society because they are immediately replaced. The decline in violent crime is more attributable to demographic changes than to enforcement efforts. Most of the decline in crime results from forces beyond the control of the criminal justice systems. Reiman also feels that we could reduce crime if we wanted to do so, and that our excuses are not really answers to the problem, but merely excuses to explain why the system fails. We know the causes of crimepoverty, prison, and drugsyet we do nothing to change how these things operate, such as banning guns and decriminalizing drugs.
Finally reiman come to his point stating the “pyrrhic defeat theory” argues that the criminal justice system actually only fights a portion of the crime, enough only to keep it from getting out of hand, and to keep the struggle of crime prominent in people 's minds, but crime is never reduced substantially or eliminated. Therefore the criminal justice system benefits those in power, while making it look like all crime is the work of the poor.
The criminal justice administration today faces various issues and problems thus needing serious reforms. In most cases, many nonviolent offenders go to jail because many prosecutors and district attorneys succumb to political pressure hence become tough on crime. The prisons are always populated and there are minimal resources to ensure there are significant improvements in the system. Some of the key issues facing Criminal justice department today include; wrongful convictions, gangs, racial injustices in the administration, excessive criminalization, socio economic considerations, and problems with
In this essay Reiman forces the reader to divert their focus from the supposedly evident goal of the criminal justice system, to eradicate crime, to what he points out to be the real motivation behind its structure. He argues that the systems policies construct and maintain the fabricated public fear that crimes are committed by the poor and disadvantaged, labelling them the “criminal class.” However, in order to achieve this, it is necessary for the system to imprison large portions of the lower class, making them criminals and they must ensure failure in lessening the crimes of the poor. In this way Reiman reasons that the poor are made to be perceived as a threat to society to avert the attention away from the rich who are the ones to be feared, which is how the upper class upholds their positon of power.
In the chapter, "A Crime by Any Other Name . . . ," Reiman considers how language is used to identify some actions, and he argues that such things as workplace-related deaths that could be prevented should be considered crimes, as well. As far as the criminal justice system is concerned, the face of crime is young, male, poor, and black. Reiman believes that the criminal justice system helps create this reality, projecting a particular image of crime and hiding the larger reality of social injustice and even white-collar crime. They identify crime as a direct, personal assault and ignore many other damages caused by carelessness and greed of a different order. Reiman details threats from the workplace, the health care system, the use of chemicals by various companies, and poverty itself, none of which are considered crimes. Reiman feels that the criminal justice system
This article review essay will focus on a particular piece of work from Michael Tornry and Catrien Bijleveld (2007). The material evaluated, “Crime, Criminal Justice, and Criminology in the Netherlands” come from the Journal of Crime and Justice, 35(1), 1-30. This essay will first incorporate a summary with detail of the country’s reputation, population, criminal justice system, crimes and incarceration trends, research, etc. Next, identify two positive elements the context reveals in the article and two issues that are negatively exhibited occasionally in the article. Then, provide a sum up of this essay. Overall, this article provided insight about the Netherlands regarding their government, criminal justice system, and the typically crimes that occurred in the country. However, the information is limited to the lack of certain areas in underdeveloped research and the evolution of the criminal justice policy. The article is not valuable if one is looking for a detailed explanation about why crime occurred in this country and who in particular participated in the crimes there. On the other hand, one can take away from this article that The Netherlands is a country that took pride in reaching out to the community through their government system. A spike starting in the 1970s in crime, incarceration, and their government which changed the country.
Justice is usually assumed to be produced automatically through the legal system by the police, courts, judiciary and other relevant criminal justice organizations. When this word is used into social field, different meanings conveying various ideas are emerged, such as citizenship, social equality in gender and ethnicity. However, the concepts of criminal justice are rooted in the exercise of power by the ruling class in particular political, economic and social contexts, it will include stratified classes along line of class, wealth, gender, religion, race and so on. Criminal justice is therefore not a free-floating or simple concept away from various social contexts when legal power is used into so-called criminal justice, thus the connection between criminal justice and social justice is inexplicably linked. The essay will be structured as follows: the first chapter attempts to define the different concepts of criminal justice and social justice. The second chapter analyzes different values of two competing models within criminal justice: underlying crime control and due process proposed by Packer (1968). The final chapter tries to explore the inexplicable connection between criminal justice and social justice with examples cross the unit in different areas, such as in wealth, gender, ethnicity and drug abuse, it also defines the differences between crimes and social harms. In addition, it discusses the relationship between global justice and human rights