The Rich and Long Deaf Culture and History

1094 Words4 Pages
Deaf culture and history is one that is rich and long. Deaf History The first mention of a deaf person, which was written in history, appeared in the Torah and was named Chushim (Nomeland, 2012, p. 6). Before this, no other person had been recorded in written history as being deaf. In 1000 B.C., The Hebrews views the deaf and other “disabled” people as being a “part of life”. They were not considered ignorant and often were well respected. Although they were not shunned and some were respected, the deaf did not have as many rights as hearing individuals. For example, they could not own property and some could not marry. They also weren’t permitted to fully participate in rituals. From 427 B.C until at least the Middle Ages, those who were deaf were treated poorly. It was believed that without speech there was no intelligence. Therefore the deaf were not capable of intelligence or ideas. Aristotle believed that because the deaf could not hear, they could not reason and were viewed as barbarians. He thought that learning was impossible without hearing. Parents were told that their children were born deaf because God was punishing them for their sins. Deaf were committed to insane asylums because they were accused of being possessed by demons (Shaner, 2008). It wasn’t until the 1500s that the deaf began to be recognized as something other than ignorant or sinful. An Italian physician named Geronimo Cardano was the first to recognize that the deaf were able to reason and
Get Access