The Rise And Fall Of Communism

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The Rise and Fall of Communism “Let the ruling classes tremble at a communist revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win, workingmen of all countries, unite!” (Karl Marx). This quote is one of the most famous political slogans excerpted from the book Communist Manifesto, which was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It demonstrates Marx’s opinion on social classism and how he is against it by stating the imbalance between the working class and the ruling class. The quote ends with a rallying cry and call for the unity of all workers to rebel and demand for their own rights. The book Communist Manifesto is based on the idea of socialist theory. According to the Oxford Online Dictionaries, socialism is a political and economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole (www.oxforddictionaries). In other words, it is a political system where the means of production is controlled by the government rather than individuals or private companies. It is described by Marx as the “first and lower phase of communism”. The theory is that the working class should unite together to overthrow the oppressive government and the upper class, which is also known as the bourgeoisie. No private properties should be owned by individuals or organizations. As a result, there will be no social classes to differentiate between
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