The Rise Of China Is Destroying The United States

1417 WordsApr 17, 20166 Pages
The debate on whether the rise of China is displacing the United States (US) as hegemon is a contentious debate. While scholars on the one hand argue that this is the case, others refute this by arguing that despite the increase of Chinese influence in the South-Pacific, it is still far away from becoming a global superpower. Using the theoretical lenses of Hegemonic Stability, Balance of Power, and Realism, this paper will argue that the rise of China as global hegemon lacks theoretical support; while in fact China is growing militarily, economically, and politically, it will not replace the United States (US) as Global Hegemon. To contextualize, this paper will first define the concept of power and hegemony in International Relations (IR). Cox (1983) took an adaptation of Gramsci’s notion of hegemony to better fit IR studies; he says the hegemony is determined mainly by preconditions such as of political, social and economic superiority over other states. To illustrate this, the United States did not find another state to confront its dominance and supremacy in the Post-Cold War era (Krauthammer, 1990) and after its defeat of the Soviet Union in 1992. Thus, according to Cox’s definition, marking the starting point of the US’ title of ‘unipolar hegemon’ that is arguably still prevalent today. Moreover, this paper recognizes that polarity does not mean the same as hegemony. To elaborate, hegemon states are the actors and polarity is the structure of the international
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