The Rise Of Civilization And Ancient Civilizations

898 Words Oct 5th, 2015 4 Pages
The rise of civilization has always fascinated people. Since the appearance of anatomically modern human beings, some one hundred and fifty thousand years ago, the emergence of civilization has been one of the most important accomplishments of people.
Civilization is defined as “an organizing principle that implies common institutions, economic systems, social structures, and values that extend over space and time” (Matthews 3). Some of the things that make up a civilization are religion, government, arts, writing and language, currency, study of science, math and medicine - as examples. The two earliest known civilizations were Mesopotamia and Egypt. These two civilizations arose around the same time and coincidentally near one another, near the Mediterranean Sea. Many similarities and differences exist between these ancient civilizations. In particular, the religions of these two civilizations are distinguishably different, yet have many concrete similarities as well.
The religions of Mesopotamia and Egypt are the products of the environment that the people lived in and their experiences living in it. Because of the harsh and unpredictable nature of their environment, the religion of the ancient people in Mesopotamia was very pessimistic.
They lived only at the mercy of their gods, who they believed were of great power and controlled the environment. In ancient Egypt, contrastingly, nature was far more stable and predictable. It was thusly believed that the gods favored…
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