The Rise Of Hezbollah

1452 Words6 Pages
Origin and Rise in Influence The origins of Hezbollah can be traced from the residual effects of oppression the Shiite community faced by Christians and Sunni elites (Masters and Laub, 2014). However, the tipping point came after the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982, that same year Hezbollah was formed with the help of Iran; ideologies stemming from the ones displayed during the Iranian Revolution (Masters and Laub, 2014). Hezbollah gained legitimacy when they repelled the French and American peacekeepers from Lebanon then ultimately caused by the withdrawal of Israeli forces (Global Security, n.d.). Iran’s support came with the agreement that with their support the newly formed Hezbollah would establish an Islamic Republic within Lebanon…show more content…
More often subtly, they infiltrate a target country, legalize themselves and establish businesses in order to fund terrorist activities back home. One example is:
[c]ell operating in Singapore in the late 1990s and into 2000 entered using a visa-waiver program similar to the one that recently suspended in the United States. Once they arrived, they quickly married local women to legalize their presence. Members of a Hezbollah cell in North Carolina, which raised significant sums of money for the group from the proceeds of an elaborate cigarette smuggling scam, entered the U.S. from South America using false documents, entered into sham marriages in Cyprus, and conducted their activities under multiple identities (Levitt,
…show more content…
The civil war was the catalyst that nurtured Hezbollah enough so that their influence would transform form just a thorn on the Lebanese government side to a political party having their own seat at the table (Wiegand, 2009). Hezbollah’s political ambitions have not affected their terrorist activities however, from political infiltration, guerilla force capability, a media empire to global organized crime syndicates (Wiegand, 2009). Boasting some of the most well trained operatives in their military faction, Hezbollah continues to operate politically and militaristically (Badran, 2009). The United Nation created a distinction between their political and military factions, which allowed them to avoid the United Nation’s terrorist list and similarly, the British government only blacklisted their military wing (Badran, 2009). However, Hezbollah’s leadership remained adamant that no such distinction exist between the two that they operate congruently (Badran, 2009). This further reinforces Hezbollah’s ambition to see their Islamic Republic come to fruition; actions whether violent or politically are the means they use to accomplish this (Wiegand,

More about The Rise Of Hezbollah

Get Access