The Rise Of Interwar Fascism

1389 Words Sep 12th, 2016 6 Pages
Did the rise of interwar fascism have more to do with the personalities of the leaders or the historical circumstances of the 1920s and the 1930s?
Adolf Hitler’s fascist Nazi party is one of the most resounding memories of the 20th Century. Nazi symbols still conjure images of horror and evil over 70 years after they spread across Europe. In the 1928 German Federal election the Nazi’s polled 810,127 votes, just 2.6% of the total votes. By the 1932 election this number had jumped sharply to 13,765,781 votes, 37.3% of the national vote. It was off this platform that he successfully lobbied the German President, Paul Von Hindenburg, to make him chancellor of Germany. The question is, what caused this surge in Nazi support? And why did a democratically elected president hand over power to a clearly authoritarian man? The subject is complex and controversial. The collapse of the economy in 1929 lead to years of poverty in Germany. The failure of democracy to provide a solution lead to people looking elsewhere for a solution. The Nazi’s capitalized on this through effective election campaigns. The undertaker of democracy was Hindenburg, whose decisions led to its dismantlement. It was the combination of these political, economic and electoral factors that lead to rise of fascism in interwar Germany.

The Weimar Republic was formed in 1918. The early years of the republic were punctuated by attempted Coup d’états. It was only through the intervention of the army and…
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