Islam is thought to be the religion of the people, whatever race or background they might be (Haghnavaz, 2013). The rise of Islam began circa 613CE, when the Islamic prophet Muhammad, began to spread the word of the revelations God (Allah) gave to him. From the cities of Makkah in the Arabian desert, the message of Islam spread with great speed. Within half a century since the Prophet Muhammad’s death, the message of Islam had risen in 3 continents (Haghnavaz, 2013). The aim of this essay is to discover what factors contributed to the rise of Islam, and its subsequent diffusion across Eurasia. In discovering what factors have contributed to the rise of Islam and its succeeding diffusion across Eurasia, we have looked into economic,…show more content… It was the Silk Road which, according to legend, led a delegation into China inviting the emperor to embrace Islam (Jones‐Leaning & Pratt, 2012). The Arab overthrow of Central Asia was an extensive military takeover which was followed by forced religious conversions (Liu, 2011). According to Islamic empires, the Arab takeover of Central Asia was an extension of the victory of the Sasanian Empire (Liu, 2011). Islam thrived during the harsh but religiously tolerant Mongol Yuan dynasty. While in todays society Muslims can be found in any rural or urban centre throughout China, in earlier times they were settled in more distinct areas. During the Tang and Song dynasties, the areas with the major Muslim capital were those on the south-eastern coast and, in the Ming dynasty, Nanjing became a “major centre of Islamic learning” which from Nanjing, Islam teachings spread even more (Jones‐Leaning & Pratt, 2012). As the spread into Asia came through a trading route, trade is thought to be a crucial role in Islam’s rise.
Evidence of Islamic trade has been found across Europe, through the findings of Islamic coins (Mitchiner, 1987). From the 10th century onwards, the Arab merchants becoming more important than Persians when it came to long distance trade (Deoliya, 2013). A number of factors stemming from Mongolian unrest led to the replacement of a direct long distance trade route