I disagree that the readings of the history and literature of race relations in America is no longer necessary since everyone enjoys equal rights and opportunities in today’s society. Even though we are equal today we still need to teach how far we have come in society. The fact that Barack Obama is our president shows the improvements that we have made.
As of recent the trending tales of police brutality have filled headlines and brought light to racial tensions that have been brewing in America for centuries. We have seen over the past couple of years an alarming increase of shootings in the African American community by law enforcement. In like manner, we have seen a series of retaliation tactics and protest, both violent and peaceful. And as we watch things unfold we question whether or not there is a real solution to the racial tensions in America. Ironically, America is considered the melting pot of the world but still promotes the theories of a homogeneous community and sways away from contact zones. Pratt defines contact zones as a cultural clash of ideas, perspectives, and
According to the textbook, “Race and ethnicity form one of the three main axes around which social inequality has most often been structured throughout history, the other being class and gender.” (pg.159) Unequal practices that are associated with race include a range of possible activities that drop the life chances of particular race and ethnic groups, that are said to belong to certain racial groups. For example individuals misunderstandings and prejudices, institutionalize racism that is deep within major public services such as, law enforcement, education or in extreme cases like, slavery. “This can all arise from the observed characteristics and appearance of certain races which can also be indications of their ‘inferior’ dispositions
Racial Formation in the United States by Michael Omi and Howard Winant made me readjust my understanding of race by definition and consider it as a new phenomenon. Through, Omi and Winant fulfilled their purpose of providing an account of how concepts of race are created and transformed, how they become the focus of political conflict, and how they shape and permeate both identities and institutions. I always considered race to be physical characteristic by the complexion of ones’ skin tone and the physical attributes, such as bone structure, hair texture, and facial form. I knew race to be a segregating factor, however I never considered the meaning of race as concept or signification of identity that refers to different types of human bodies, to the perceived corporal and phenotypic makers of difference and the meanings and social practices that are ascribed to these differences, in which in turn create the oppressing dominations of racialization, racial profiling, and racism. (p.111). Again connecting themes from the previous readings, my westernized influences are in a direct correlation to how to the idea of how I see race and the template it has set for the rather automatic patterns of inequalities, marginalization, and difference. I never realized how ubiquitous and evolving race is within the United States.
I believe race is so central to how we organize social life in many societies because it has been the defining factor that breaks humans apart from one another just based off of something as simple as sight. It is the easiest way to classify individuals aside from gender or nationality. Race has also become something that individuals have personally adopted, and I believe many people are more comfortable being around those that share the same characteristics as themselves.
The social construction of race is a topic that is worth discussing. In the United States the black/white color line has historically been rigidly defined and enforced. People have been stereotypical and afraid as long as I can remember. Labeling people as we think they should be based on the color of their skin or just thinking it’s in their biology so they must be this or they must be that. Race is socially constructed and is not a biological construct.
The black/white racial gap dates back about fifty years to the Civil War. This gap is an ongoing problem. As stated in a previous discussion, the best way to look at this is to place a white and black student in a race. Not only does the white student have a head start but they have less obstacles to overcome. While through no fault of their own, these black students could have obstacles such as: their parents not graduating high school or college themselves which in fact contributes to a lower success rate for them, improper education where the teachers shorten the curriculum or even outside factors such as family or neighborhood interfere with the quality of education they receive or even being unable to attend school all together to take
The United States of America has become a police state. Racism, in America, is not dead, but rather revived and practiced through the criminal justice system; blacks were the main targets of police brutality and patrols. The prison system has been manipulated to put people of color in jail, more than whites. Hispanics, now, are also becoming targets of the American policing system. How can America change its policing strategies to being more just and fair? The United States should stop making racially biased legislation and patrol all neighborhoods equally. The legal system should implement punishments that do not create more criminals, but rather help rehabilitate those who are deemed criminals.
Race, to many people is one thing and one thing only; the color of one's skin. But race is more than just the color of one’s skin, but it’s their biological makeup and social makeup. Biological race is the skin color we are born with along with the other genetic traits that come with certain ethnic backgrounds. Social race, however, is how society depicts your skin color and biological traits, and decides from there what social “class” you may be placed in, how you’ll be treated, and how you’ll live your life, socially. All people are biologically born the same “race” as their parents, or a mix, if the parents are different. But what determines the social race?
Race relations in the USA today had gotten worse since the 1930s. People today use the names that we have gotten back in the past that people call each other to not be friendly. They each other names that relates to their color. Over the years it had, yes, gotten worse.
Lee and Bean argue that in the U.S today while “racial boundaries may be fading, they are not disappearing at the same pace for all groups” (Lee Jennifer, Frank D Bean, Beyond Black and White). Lee and Bean argue that in our current society, it is no longer a white and non white racial structure, it’s argued now that our society is forming a new color line that is “less rigid for Latinos and Asians than blacks” (Lee Jennifer, Frank D Bean, Beyond Black and White). This new color line that is being created focuses less on racial background and more on integration, and skin color, the new structure is everyone else in society with only African Americans still being strongly excluded. Non black minorities such as Asians and Latinos are starting to become more “white” and gain greater benefits in society because of their higher rates of intermarriage with whites, stronger levels of assimilation into white society, and therefore greater integration into white culture. With these benefits come better job opportunities, social mobility, and most importantly access to better education. However since the color line still disadvantages African Americans I tried to create a policy to combat educational inequality among the color line and hopefully break down these barriers. My policy would raise taxes and create more funding for schools that are located in segregated African American neighborhoods, “37% of African Americans students attend a school that is almost entirely black”
Race is invisible to white, because they don’t have to think about it. When white people are in poverty, they never think to consider their skin color as a factor to why they are. Whites are mostly oblivious to this happening in general, because it does not happen to them.
In Omi and Winant, Racial Formation the topic of what race is brought up. They bring up the question of "What is race?" Which lead to the use of pseudo-science to justify the physical difference that were observed. Race is later defined as a social construct which is shaped by broader societal forces.