The Rise Of The 19th Century

1441 WordsMay 4, 20156 Pages
The 19th century contributed to Europe’s history in the form of ideologies. In contrast to the 20th century, there were no wars or acts of violence used to support these ideologies; instead the forces of capitalism drove the history of the 19th century. By this notion, the last time Europe had experienced extreme forms of violence was during the French Revolution, therefore the decades before the 20th century were relatively peaceful. In the summer of 1914, Europe crossed the point of no return with the beginning of World War I; this war would not be the “war to end all wars” but instead set a precedent of violence for the rest of the century. The 20th century has since been remembered as the deadliest century in human history. The high levels of unnatural deaths and the intensity of politically motivated acts of violence were a result of nationalism, totalitarianism and technologically enhanced warfare. Nationalism attributed to the violence by being the ideology at the root of both World War I and World War II. Beneath the years of peace during the 19th century, was a growing nationalism among the different cultures of Europe. The decades of peace disillusioned many on the brutalities of war, which alongside nationalism, created a positive response all across Europe to the declaration of the WWI. In Vienna, “There were parades… music burst forth everywhere, young recruits were marching triumphantly,” (Zweig, 285). While in the opposing city of Berlin there
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