The Rise of Antibiotic Resistant Diseases

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The use of antibiotics dates from the 1920s and, for the first time in history, the human race has a chance to win in the war against bacterial disease. Unfortunately, it is unknown if humans will ever win the battle against disease because of antibiotic resistant strains. Antibiotics are overprescribed and with the overuse, bacteria are becoming resistant at a rapid rate. Without antibiotics bacteria would still mutate but the mutations would not help the bacteria. With antibiotics the bacteria do have an advantage when they mutate. Through natural selection the resistant strains are able to survive and spread while the antibiotics kill the nonresistant strains. It is important to understand that overuse is not causing bacteria to mutate but rather is increasing the rate of resistance. Behaviors such as doctors prescribing antibiotics to patients even when not necessary and farmers using antibiotics to make their farm animals bigger are the reason why antibiotic resistance is becoming a major problem. Antibiotics are prescribed to patients even when they are not necessary; this is because when people get sick, they seek immediate recovery and often demand an antibiotic even if they are suffering from a virus, which cannot be cured with an antibiotic. Antibiotics do not cure viruses, but doctors prescribe them for the placebo effect so patients think they feel better. Antibiotics are also misused on farms where they are used to not only prevent and cure illness but to also
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