The Rise of Filipino Nationalism

1689 Words Jul 31st, 2012 7 Pages
The Rise of Filipino Nationalism
Factors:
1. Spread of Liberalism
- Liberal ideas from Europe filtered in when Spain gradually exposed Philippine to international commerce.
- The sons and daughters of the Principalia were able to attain education, thereupon giving then exposure to libertarian ideas.
2. Sentiments against the Principales – proportion of the local aristocracy to the broad masses.
3. Racial Prejudice
- Inferior race, limited intelligence
4. Cultural changes
- Ilustrados
5. Secularization Controversy
- Council of Trent – secular priests appointed to parishes. But due to lack of sec. priests, Pope Pius V issued Exponi Nobis (1567) w/c allowed the regular
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This campaign was known in our history as the Propaganda Movement.
The nature of the reform movement.
— The middle class denounced Spanish abuses and asked Spain to make the Philippines a province of Spain.
— The reformists believed that the Filipinos would be better off if they were to become Spanish citizens enjoying all the rights and privileges of the latter.
— The assimilation of the Philippines was to be published in a peaceful manner.
Reforms:
— Equality of the Filipinos and Spaniards before the law
— Filipino representative to the Spanish Cortes
— Secularization of Philippine parishes and the expulsion of the friars.
— Human rights for the Filipinos
— Freedom of speech
— Freedom of the press
— Freedom to meet/assembly
— Petition for redress grievances
Del Pilar
— A lawyer and journalist from Bulacan
— During Pintakasi (cockfighting day) he spoke out to the crowd by satirizing corrupt officials and friars.
— He sought to reach to people through his pen.
— He wrote anti-friar pamphlets in simple yet forceful Tagalog.
— He helped established the first bilingual newspaper, Diaryong Tagalog
— He became the editor in the Tagalog section.
— He released Dasalan at Tocsohan, a
— Manual of anti-clerical commentary in the format of a novena. He parodied Lord’s Prayer, Hail Mary, Apostles creed, Ten Commandments, Act of Contrition.
— Del Pilar’s stay in the country became dangerous.
— His house was burned mysteriously
— He