The Risk Of Pressure Injury

1511 WordsMay 14, 20157 Pages
Pressure injury, due to its high prevalence & probability, is nowadays seen as a patient safety issue internationally. As patient 's safety is paramount, a great importance is accorded to the issue. Even the performance of hospitals is benchmarked against the skin care quality, an attribute of quality care. This comparative essay outlines the evidence-based best practice recommendations to abate the risk of pressure injuries to patients in care. These recommendations, in essence, relate to the five research journal articles published recently. Pressure Injuries—often referred to as pressure sores, bed sores, pressure ulcers or decubitus ulcers—are the injuries, sores, inflammation or ulcers in the skin over a bony prominence due to constant pressure or friction. The common sites for pressure injuries are sacrum, heels, elbows, ankles, hip, knees, occipital bones and shoulder blades (Harris, Nagy &Vardaxis, 2010, p.1404). A shearing force or a frequent pressure on a bony prominence tends to block the blood supply which leads to ischemia or cell death. Elderly, incontinent, wheelchair or bed-bound individuals are prone to pressure sores. However, it also depends on the individual’s skin integrity and weight (Brown & Edwards, 2012, p. 239). The pressure injury can affect any person of any age. Therefore, every patient requires an assessment for risks regardless of gender, age or weight. A pressure injury can develop with both the high pressure for short duration and low
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