The Road Brown V. Board Of Education Of Topeka ( 347 U.s.

1455 Words Nov 2nd, 2015 6 Pages
Historical Setting
The road to Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (347 U.S. 74 (1954)), is littered with many Supreme Court cases that have battled for equality in education. The Fourteenth Amendment strengthened the legal rights of newly slaves and became the stomping ground for many Supreme Court decisions.
There were six separate cases concerning the issue of segregation in public schools that was heard and consolidated into the one case named Brown v. Board of Education. The cases included were Brown v. Board of Education (347 U.S. 483), Briggs v. Elliott (342 U.S. 497), Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County (347 U.S. 483), Bolling v. Sharpe (347 U.S. 497), Belton v. Gebhart (347 U.S. 483) and Bulah v. Gebhart, (347 U.S. 483), which discussed the implications of segregation in public school.
The Brown case decision could not have happened prior to 1954 if these cases had not set a precedent for violations of the Fourteenth Amendment under the “equal protection” clause. In the case Plessy v. Fergguson (163 U.S. 537(1896)), this case was responsible for the “separate but equal” doctrine, where segregation began. In the case, Sweatt v. Painter (339 U.S. 629), African American law students fought for an equal opportunity education.
These cases also helped set the precedent for the Brown v. Board of Education case. In the case, Missouri ex rel Gaines v. Canada (305 U.S. 337 (1938)), Lloyd Gaines, a graduate of Lincoln University, an all-black college,…
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