The Road That Led African Americans

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The road that led African-Americans to freedom in the United States was definitely not an easy road by any means. It was indeed a stony road, and the chastening rod is used here to describe the harshness associated with slavery and the masters cracking the whip, or rod. So much blood was shed during this point in time, before Reconstruction (during the Civil War), and after Reconstruction and the period leading up to the Harlem Renaissance. In fact, even after African-Americans had gained their freedom they still experienced abuse, inequality, and suffering at the hands of their White counterparts. The Jim Crow Laws were enacted and in effect in the South, which led to the mass migration to the North, and even in the North, Blacks still experienced some indifference, though not on the same scale as they had in the South. In Lift Every Voice and Sing, Johnson uses rhyming which of course is standard of most poetry. He also uses simile in line five with his comparison of how the sound of joy should be loud like that of the rolling sea. Lift Every Voice and Sing is both carefully and craftily composed, and uses vivid imagery as well as religious theme, which is also prevalent in a majority of Johnson’s works, again displaying his strong Christian faith. This poem has become so well known, and so popular, that it was recited by Reverend Joseph E. Lowery at the Inauguration ceremony of President Barack Obama in 2009. In 2008 Rene Marie, a jazz musician substituted the words
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