The Role Of A Network On Collective Actions

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From the perspective of social network theory, it asserted that social structures where actors located would determine what they found and get from relations (Granovetter, 1985). Some studies pointed out two central networking strategies and explored structural effects of a network on collective actions. As actors embedded in densely connected networks as subgroups or cliques, due to social cohesiveness based on mutual and frequent interactions, homogeneity and unity would be developed (Wasserman & Faust, 1994). The structural advantage of building densely connected networks or so called as strong ties, an expression action that consists with the principle of homophily, is to maintain and reinforce existing resources by increasing closure(Lin, 2002).For example, regularly playing golf together among acquainted celebrities in the upper class is one mean to maintain membership and cultivate exclusive cultural capital. This is identical to the finding of Andrew and Carr (2013) that because local actors embedded in bonding relationship identity with the good of the group, taking part in regional preparedness planning activities would contribute to the improvement of the group’s preparation for the emergency. Also, within this cohesive group, it is easier to monitor deviated action or verify information quality by redundantly circulating information, so that actors are bound together with certain social norms. In line with this notion, most hypothesis that connecting strong ties
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